Attentional cue. Attention is directed to a relevant location by a cue either i...

Matusz and Eimer manipulated cue modalities in a spatial cue-ta

Apr 5, 2022 · The purpose of this study was to assess stress effects on the top-down control of spatial attention isolated from concurrent bottom-up mechanisms. We analyzed posterior alpha lateralization in the cue-target interval reflecting cue-dependent attentional top-down effects in the absence of stimulus processing. lowed by an attentional cue, memory for the cued items is enhanced (see, e.g., Griffin & Nobre, 2003). This sug-gests that VWM representations are volatile and prone to degradation unless they receive the benefits of focused attention (Makovski, Sussman, & Jiang, 2008). However, it is not known whether visual attention is theDespite considerable interest in both action perception and social attention over the last 2 decades, there has been surprisingly little investigation concerning how the manual actions of other humans orient visual attention. The present review draws together studies that have measured the orienting of attention, following observation of another’s …See full list on cognitiveresearchjournal.springeropen.com First, a spatial-attention cue encouraged the use of either selective or divided attention by providing informative or uninformative instructions about the to-be-attended, and thus later-probed, ear.attentional focus: cue characteristics Although the evidence presented above clearly shows the benefit of using instructions and cues that encourage an external focus opposed to an internal focus when teaching a motor skill, there is also evidence that is pointing to the mediating role of certain cue characteristics (e.g., distance; Ref. 37 ). colors focuses on benefits to attentional processing for these informative cues compared with the neutral cue baseline. Some typical dependent variables indicating a benefit include faster RTs, higher accuracy, or overt or covert attentional measures of greater attention to target-colored items than distractor-colored items.The effect of spatial cueing on eye gaze has been confirmed by a large number of studies, but the effect of spatial cueing on face direction and the impact of eye gaze on this effect are less known. In four experiments, we investigated the attentional bias induced by face direction. A modified paradigm of spatial cueing was adopted with …This hypothesis was supported by some research in attention. For example, under high physiological arousal, the attention field narrows (cf. Easterbrook, 1959), which has a positive effect on performance if it blocks out unimportant distractions but a negative effect if the narrowing is so great that task-relevant cues are missed.Jul 6, 2018 · While this would not be a unique property of social cues – similar effects were reported by Galfano et al. 21 with arrow cues – the origins of such persistent attentional shifts nonetheless ... Oct 6, 2021 · The spatial cueing paradigm is a popular tool to investigate under what conditions irrelevant objects capture attention against the observer’s intention. In this paradigm, finding better visual search performance when the target appears at the location of an irrelevant cue is taken to indicate that this cue summoned attention to its location, before the search display appeared. Here, we ... phenomenon: the existence of a robust attentional cue-validity effect on discrimination in the presence of high external noise under condi-tions that lead to very small or nonexistent cuing effects in noiseless conditions. An attentional effect that occurs only in high-noise envi-ronments directly reveals a noise-exclusion mechanism. The under-Recent research has tested whether Eye Movement Modeling Examples (EMMEs) can effectively cue attention and improve learning. However, the effects of EMMEs are variable, and the degree to which viewers follow these cues remains unclear. In the current paper, we compared screen-captured instructional videos that included an …Attentional-focus cues can be either internal (directed toward the body) or external (targeting something beyond the body) (Wulf, Hoss & Prinz 1998). Two examples: Internal cue: A trainer guiding a client through the upward portion of a bench press says, “Focus on extending your arms and squeezing your chest.”.SPATIAL CUES AND MICROSACCADE DIRECTION 685 metry, if w x (a mild boundary condition by no means implying that x .5), then the selection on valid-cue tri- als will be dominated by cases in which attention is at the cued target, but microsaccades do not follow attention. Importantly, “attentional mistake” cases as defined byConcentration on irrelevant cues should result in a decrease in the quality of her performance. As arousal increases, the athlete’s attention begins to narrow. A good example of attentional narrowing is cue utilization. When the athlete is in her optimal performance zone , she is able to cpncentrate on relevant cues and ignore the irrelevant ...Attentional-focus cues can be either internal (directed toward the body) or external (targeting something beyond the body) (Wulf, Hoss & Prinz 1998). Two examples: Internal cue: A trainer guiding a client through the upward portion of a bench press says, “Focus on extending your arms and squeezing your chest.”.Highlights Rapid arrow cueing effects previously attributed to rapid attentional orienting. We observed rapid effects only for long-duration cue and target stimuli. Largest effect when target simultaneous with cue, before attention can shift. Effects reflect slowing for invalidly cued targets, not speeding for valid targets. Effects attributable to cue-target …Each circle was 1.5° in diameter and were presented 4° above the attentional cue; inner disks were 4.9° and outer disks were 10° left and right of the attentional cue. The attentional cue lasted for 1 second, and 650 milliseconds after this cue disappeared, the circles in each pair started to move towards each other downwards diagonally (i ...5 Oca 2022 ... ... cue validity, stimulus-onset asynchrony, and target stimuli complexity on the size and shape of the Attentional Window. Reference: Klatt, S ...The attention directed to textual cues in the initial FOV is much higher than the attention directed to textual cues outside the initial FOV. Adding visual cues can effectively direct attention to textual cues outside the initial FOV and alleviate the imbalance of attention distribution.Understanding attentional styles can improve coaching effectiveness by allowing the coach to provide appropriate cues or methods for each athlete.1997). MEG data were then analyzed with respect to the attentional cue (cue-locked) and response onset (movement-locked) individually to evaluate the oscillatory dynamics associated with attentional reor-ientation and movement selection, respectively. To evaluate the higher order responses involved in attentional reorientation, the con-.Attentional-focus cues can be either internal (directed toward the body) or external (targeting something beyond the body) (Wulf, Hoss & Prinz 1998). Two examples: Internal cue: A trainer guiding a client through the upward portion of a bench press says, “Focus on extending your arms and squeezing your chest.”.Abstract. A recent study by van Ede et al. (2012) shows that the accuracy and reaction time in humans of tactile perceptual decisions are affected by an attentional cue via distinct cognitive and neural processes.Any neural response or overt performance benefits (e.g., a fMRI activation and/or greater ERPs as well as a motor response facilitation) for cued targets are attributed to the cue's ability to direct attention, with the time course of attentional orienting effects revealed by the change in the processing profile across the cue-target intervals ...These constructs and their relationships to each other can be seen in figure 8.3. Understanding attentional styles can improve coaching effectiveness. For example, a player who tends to become overloaded with external stimuli might be coached to focus on one important cue, such as an opponent’s footwork. Athletes who seem to get lost in their ... While this would not be a unique property of social cues – similar effects were reported by Galfano et al. 21 with arrow cues – the origins of such persistent attentional shifts nonetheless ...bottom-up attentional cue (Egeth & Yantis, 1997). If the dynamic nature of auditory input is responsible for auditory overshadowing, one would expect the increased dynamicity of the visual stimulus to attenuate auditory overshadowing, resulting in more thorough visual processing. In thisbottom-up attentional cue (Egeth & Yantis, 1997). If the dynamic nature of auditory input is responsible for auditory overshadowing, one would expect the increased dynamicity of the visual stimulus to attenuate auditory overshadowing, resulting in more thorough visual processing. In thisCritically, we show that the attentional benefits scale with the target probabilities. Because most participants were aware of the regularities present in the display we cannot exclude the possibility that the current findings can be explained by top-down, knowledge-based orienting similar to attentional orienting in a Posner-like cueing task.This study tested the role of a cross-modal feature based attention (FBA) cue on perceptual learning and spatial transfer. The trained task was figure-ground segregation in the motion domain. The experiment involved a pre-test, ten days of training, and a post-test. Twelve visually intact participants were immersed in a virtual …Object-Based Attention in Real-World Scenes scheduled on September 04-05, 2023 in September 2023 in Tokyo is for the researchers, scientists, scholars, engineers, academic, scientific and university practitioners to present research activities that might want to attend events, meetings, seminars, congresses, workshops, summit, and symposiums.Others’ gaze direction and traffic arrow signal lights play significant roles in guiding observers’ attention in daily life. Previous studies have shown that gaze and arrow cues can direct attention to the cued location. However, it is ambiguous where gaze and arrow cues guide attention: the cued location or a broader cued region. Therefore, the …Extensive prior research concerned with the type of representation on which attention operates suggests that there are at least two types of attentional mechanisms: a space-based mechanism and other object-based. Our findings clearly support this conclusion. We manipulated visual attention with a variation of the pre-cueing paradigm …In contrast to crossmodal presentations, studies of bimodal spatial cueing have been conducted to investigate the combined effects of attentional cues presented simultanesouly in two sensory modalities (e.g., a visual-auditory cue).We assessed this link between EF, attentional cueing, and social cognition with a novel ecological task ("EcoSupermarketX"). Our task had three blocks of increasing executive load and incorporated social and non-social cues, with different degrees of saliency.A significant attentional effect was found at the SOA of 300 ms (t(19) = 4.08, p < 0.01, Bonferroni corrected), namely facilitation of visual acuity occurred when the target was presented 50 ms after the attentional cue. No significant attentional effect was found when the SOA was shorter or longer (ps > 0.05 for the remaining SOAs). Experiment 2Introduction. Deployment of attention toward upcoming spatial and temporal events is improved when these are associated with foregoing attentional cues (Posner 1980; Nobre et al. 2007).Violation of an expected cue-event association elicits an “orienting response” (Sokolov 1963) that habituates with repetition and learning of a new …The spatial cueing paradigm is a popular tool to investigate under what conditions irrelevant objects capture attention against the observer’s intention. In this paradigm, finding better visual search performance when the target appears at the location of an irrelevant cue is taken to indicate that this cue summoned attention to its location, before the search display appeared. Here, we ...1997). MEG data were then analyzed with respect to the attentional cue (cue-locked) and response onset (movement-locked) individually to evaluate the oscillatory dynamics associated with attentional reor-ientation and movement selection, respectively. To evaluate the higher order responses involved in attentional reorientation, the con-.Importantly, the cue-related P100 was larger for subsequently seen targets than for unseen targets when attentional cues were valid; in contrast, P100 was larger for subsequently unseen than for seen targets when attentional cues were invalid (Figure 3). The P100 component elicited by the cue might well index the capture of attention that the ...PMID: 16502846. 10.3758/bf03193557. We investigated the role of spatial probabilities in target location during participants' performance of a visual search task. Experiments 1 and 2 demonstrated that spatial probabilities could serve as a powerful attentional bias that produced faster detection of targets in high-probability locations than of ...phenomenon: the existence of a robust attentional cue-validity effect on discrimination in the presence of high external noise under condi-tions that lead to very small or nonexistent cuing effects in noiseless conditions. An attentional effect that occurs only in high-noise envi-ronments directly reveals a noise-exclusion mechanism. The under-A memorized speech is a speech that is recited from memory rather than read from cue cards or using the assistance of notes. This method of speech delivery does not come as highly recommended as others.Jul 26, 2023 · Each circle was 1.5° in diameter and were presented 4° above the attentional cue; inner disks were 4.9° and outer disks were 10° left and right of the attentional cue. The attentional cue lasted for 1 second, and 650 milliseconds after this cue disappeared, the circles in each pair started to move towards each other downwards diagonally (i ... There’s no doubt about it: New York City’s Central Park is impressive. An 840-acre slab of green space, right in the heart of Manhattan. But while Central Park may be the most famous of urban parks, that doesn’t mean it’s the only one worth...A significant attentional effect was found at the SOA of 300 ms (t(19) = 4.08, p < 0.01, Bonferroni corrected), namely facilitation of visual acuity occurred when the target was presented 50 ms after the attentional cue. No significant attentional effect was found when the SOA was shorter or longer (ps > 0.05 for the remaining SOAs). Experiment 2When the wealthy stop giving to their alma maters because of controversial Middle East positions, they draw attention to the unsavory money-go-round in higher education, …Teacher John B. says, “We have a school wide attention signal. We are the Giunta Giants. The adult says Giun-ta and two claps. Students say Gi-ants and two claps.” Tanya M. says, “Call the name of your school and they respond back with the mascot name.” Betsy M. shares this one: “Teacher: Warriors Believe!!! Students: Warriors Achieve!Fig. 10.1.1 Using the nonvolitional cue based on saliency (red cup, non-paper), attention is involuntarily directed to the coffee. After drinking coffee, you become caffeinated and want to read a book. So you turn your head, refocus your eyes, and look at the book as depicted in Fig. 10.1.2.the attentional cue was valid). On the remaining 20% of trials (invalid trials), we tested performance at the unattended location using only aSpatial cueing of attention occurs when attention is oriented by the onset of a stimulus or by other information that creates a bias towards a particular location. The …We defined four main categories for the report of our study: effect of cognitive load (number of items), main effect of type of cue (no cue vs. cue), and then planned analyses on cue subtypes (social vs. non-social cue, subtle …Attentional Cues (Posner) • Focus visual attention to an area by using a cue – “Spotlight” or “zoom lens” • measure time to identify target item when: – observer does not know where item will appear – observer does know where item will appear • cue is a briefly presented dot at the location of targetThreatening stimuli seem to capture attention more swiftly than neutral stimuli. This attention bias has been observed under different experimental conditions and with different types of stimuli. It remains unclear whether this adaptive behaviour reflects the function of automatic or controlled attention mechanisms. Additionally, the spatiotemporal dynamics of its neural correlates are largely ...In order to assess the effectiveness of the attentional cue, the two types of attentional cues were further divided into three cue-validity conditions. Participants were trained, on a novel task, to detect the presence of a complex gabor patch embedded in fixed Gaussian contrast noise while contrast thresholds were varied.The phenomenon of valid cues producing longer reaction times than invalid cues is called inhibition of return. Endogenous (from Greek endo , meaning "within" or "internally") orienting is the intentional allocation of attentional resources to a predetermined location or space.May 24, 2022 · Attentional selection is driven, in part, by a complex interplay between endogenous and exogenous cues. Recently, one’s interactions with the physical world have also been shown to bias attention. Specifically, the sense of agency that arises when our actions cause predictable outcomes biases our attention toward those things which we control. We investigated how this agency-driven ... Background Responses to a visual target stimulus in an exogenous spatial cueing paradigm are usually faster if cue and target occur in the same rather than in different locations (i.e., valid vs. invalid), although perceptual conditions for cue and target processing are otherwise equivalent. This cueing validity effect can be increased by …A cue using an internal attentional focus would sound like… “I want you to balance on the wobble board by trying to keep your feet level. Shift your weight to the front or back of your feet if you need to.” Their attention is focused on their feet – something internal. An external attentional focus cue would be…1997). MEG data were then analyzed with respect to the attentional cue (cue-locked) and response onset (movement-locked) individually to evaluate the oscillatory dynamics associated with attentional reor-ientation and movement selection, respectively. To evaluate the higher order responses involved in attentional reorientation, the con-.Nov 2, 2015 · Another key new result is that the variability of the attentional fluctuations depends on the attentional cue, being lower in the cued hemisphere than the uncued hemisphere. The paper also goes some way in clarifying whether the variability in neural activity associated with attention tasks corresponds to 'representation fluctuations' or to ... Summary. In this Element, a framework is proposed in which it is assumed that visual selection is the result of the interaction between top-down, bottom-up and selection-history factors. The Element discusses top-down attentional engagement and suppression, bottom-up selection by abrupt onsets and static singletons as well as lingering biases ...lowed by an attentional cue, memory for the cued items is enhanced (see, e.g., Griffin & Nobre, 2003). This sug-gests that VWM representations are volatile and prone to degradation unless they receive the benefits of focused attention (Makovski, Sussman, & Jiang, 2008). However, it is not known whether visual attention is theAn attention signal is an action completed by the teacher that is met with a reaction by the students. Perhaps the most basic of these call-and-responses is the often used: “1–2–3, eyes on me!” “1–2, eyes on you!”. Signals for classroom management can also be ways to begin a transition or communicate with each other during ...The attentional network test (ANT) uses flanker stimuli with different cue conditions to quantify differences in attentional processing. However, it is unclear precisely how the alerting and orienting cues in the task affect different decision processes.The distinction between attentional cueing strategies that must be generated internally through cognitive processes (such as thinking about the movement or size of a step) and external cues (auditory rhythmic tones) may therefore be important. A combination of cueing strategies may prove useful to address the wide variety of …A cue using an internal attentional focus would sound like… “I want you to balance on the wobble board by trying to keep your feet level. Shift your weight to the front or back of your feet if you need to.” Their attention is focused on their feet – something internal. An external attentional focus cue would be…Mar 16, 2020 · Similar to our study, Voloh et al. reported that in the absence of an external sensory entrainment, attentional cues can induce a phase reset which can synchronize high frequency activities and ... Another implication of cue setting is the role of the attentional alerting system in the ABE. A well-known finding is that the attention system can be further broken down into three …One of the most important function of selective attention is the efficient and accurate detection and identification of cues associated with threat. However, in pathological anxiety, this attentional mechanism seems to be dysfunctional, which leads to an exaggeration of threat processing and significant functional impairment.Oct 6, 2021 · The spatial cueing paradigm is a popular tool to investigate under what conditions irrelevant objects capture attention against the observer’s intention. In this paradigm, finding better visual search performance when the target appears at the location of an irrelevant cue is taken to indicate that this cue summoned attention to its location, before the search display appeared. Here, we ... First, a spatial-attention cue encouraged the use of either selective or divided attention by providing informative or uninformative instructions about the to-be-attended, and thus later-probed, ear.Oct 13, 2022 · Thus, group-based cue selection is an advanced attentional selection mechanism that dynamically tracks individual social cues, integrates pieces of individual and group social information to ... Attention skills are important because we need them to carry out most daily tasks and to communicate effectively. Individuals with a brain injury and reduced attention skills can put themselves in danger when they participate in certain tasks such as driving. We use different types of attention skills to carry out our daily tasks: Sustained ...Attentional focus in sport can be divided between external or internal dimensions. External focus cues direct a player's attention to the environment or the effects of their movements on the...Nov 1, 2020 · Any neural response or overt performance benefits (e.g., a fMRI activation and/or greater ERPs as well as a motor response facilitation) for cued targets are attributed to the cue's ability to direct attention, with the time course of attentional orienting effects revealed by the change in the processing profile across the cue-target intervals ... Others’ gaze direction and traffic arrow signal lights play significant roles in guiding observers’ attention in daily life. Previous studies have shown that gaze and arrow cues can direct attention to the cued location. However, it is ambiguous where gaze and arrow cues guide attention: the cued location or a broader cued region. Therefore, the …First, a spatial-attention cue encouraged the use of either selective or divided attention by providing informative or uninformative instructions about the to-be-attended, and thus later-probed, ear.May 8, 2023 · Importantly, the congruent attentional cues should increase, whereas the incongruent cues should decrease the magnitude of the illusion (i.e., the PSE should increase/decrease for the congruent/incongruent conditions) according to our rationale (see the left part of Fig. 3; see also the Introduction). The main prediction was thus a significant ... The fact that such automatic shifts of attention could be triggered by centrally presented, nonpredictive cues has led some researchers to suggest that eye gaze is a special attentional cue because of its biological significance (e.g., Friesen & Kingstone, 1998, 2003b; Langton & Bruce, 1999).Also the EDAN effect is expected to be differently modulated by the type of attentional shift induced by the cues. EDAN has been linked to the encoding of the spatial information provided by cues and to the resulting beginning of the attentional shift (Harter, Miller, Price, LaLonde, & Keyes, 1989; Hopf & Mangun, 2000; Nobre et al., 2000 ...Dec 9, 2021 · The orienting network was operationalized via the Validity effect (invalid cue minus valid cue, across target conditions), which is a combination of disengaging attention from an invalid location (invalid cue minus double cue, the Disengaging effect) and moving and engaging the attentional focus to a validly cued location (valid cue minus ... Based on previous studies, as two different kinds of cues, the attentional orienting triggered by non-predictive gaze and arrow cues may exhibit distinct patterns. If the pattern of attentional orienting triggered by gaze cues depends on its social properties, gaze cues ought to direct attention to the specific location, as in Marotta et al. .Second, the effects of smoking cues on smokers' attention observed in the attentional blink task were similar to those of sports cues on sports enthusiasts' attention. Specifically, at lag 3, when the attentional blink should be near its peak, sports enthusiasts showed a larger blink for T2s following neutral T1s than for those following sports ...LWWAbstract. The cue-reactivity paradigm is a widely adopted neuroimaging probe engendering brain activity linked with attentional, affective, and reward processes following presentation of appetitive stimuli.The role of cue–target translation in backward inhibition of attentional set. Houghton, G., Pritchard, R., & Grange, J.A. Abstract. Backward inhibition (BI) .... There are two types of attentional cues, relSep 1, 2008 · The urge to self-harm can be likened to c LWWExtensive prior research concerned with the type of representation on which attention operates suggests that there are at least two types of attentional mechanisms: a space-based mechanism and other object-based. Our findings clearly support this conclusion. We manipulated visual attention with a variation of the pre-cueing paradigm … reliable facilitative effects of the second Extensive prior research concerned with the type of representation on which attention operates suggests that there are at least two types of attentional mechanisms: a space-based mechanism and other object-based. Our findings clearly support this conclusion. We manipulated visual attention with a variation of the pre-cueing paradigm …Aug 28, 2020 · In order to assess the effectiveness of the attentional cue, the two types of attentional cues were further divided into three cue-validity conditions. Participants were trained, on a novel task, to detect the presence of a complex gabor patch embedded in fixed Gaussian contrast noise while contrast thresholds were varied. The difference in the use and effectiveness of these cues is vast, and...

Continue Reading